FIG 1. Tibetan Antelope calf or chiru (Pantholops hodgsonii)

Our patent describes as well the use of vertebrata celllines of antelopes, goats, sheep and other BOVIDAE species.


“A cell when used herein may preferably be a vertebrata cell.

A vertebrata (explanation:every species with a spine) cell may preferably be a cell from an antelope, antilopini, goat, sheep......

A preferred vertebrata cell is a stem cell or induced pluripotent stem cell or adult stem cell or differentiated cell.

The vertebrata cells may be obtained from a healthy individual. The vertebrata cell may be from a cell line, e.g. a deposited cell line or a commonly available cell line.”

The Tibetean Antelope is endangered due to massive illegal poaching. They are hunted for their extremely soft, light and warm underfur which is usually obtained after death. This underfur, known as Shahtoosh is used to weave luxury shawls in India. Shahtoosh shawls were traditionally given as wedding gifts in India and it takes the underfur of 3-5 adult antelopes to make one shawl. Despite strict controls on trade of shahtoosh products and CITES listing, there is still demand for these luxury items. Within India, shawls are worth $1,000-$5,000, internationally the price can reach as high as $20,000.

Please see an attached report in regards to illegal poaching and the trade of Shahtoosh wool fibers.

—We aim to contribute to endangered species preservation with our invention furthermore we will perform experiments with the replication of Vikunja wool fibers (Vicugna vicugna)— and Pashmina please see the attached paper in regards to the trade of Vikunja.

FIG. 2 Vikunja calf (Vicugna vicugna)